This page is part of the 10N-Matrix for a high quality conduct of pediatric anesthesia care.
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It refers to the concept No Postoperative Discomfort
The term PONV is used to describe nausea and/ or vomiting or retching in the immediate 24 postoperative hours.
Children undergoing anesthesia and surgery are at high risk for PONV. PONV leads to additional discomfort, morbidity and costs.
PONV is an unpleasant experience resulting in a variety of significant consequences which include:
- additional burden for the child, parents, clinician and nurses
- increased postoperative morbidity, pain, dehydration and surgical complications
- delayed discharge and increased re-admission
- additional medication and increased workload
Good Practice Points
- assess risk factors from patient history, type of surgery and type of anesthesia
- establish local standard operating protocols for the prevention and treatment of PONV according to current evidence-based guidelines (see below)
- be aware of factors unrelated to current condition which could cause or exacerbate PONV (intestinal, brain, hypotension, allergic reaction, drug side effects)
- audit incidence and severity of PONV
- audit use of antiemetic protocols and compliance with protocols
- QI initiatives to reduce in-hospital and post-discharge PONV
- “This is the 2nd edition of the APAGBI evidence-based guidelines on prevention of postoperative vomiting in children from 2016. It gives practical well-founded advice on how to identify those paediatric patients most at risk for PONV, how to prevent PONV using commonly available drugs and how to treat PONV once it has occurred. Other techniques are also reviewed which may be helpful in individual cases even though the evidence for their efficacy is less robust.” APAGBI. Guidelines on the prevention of postoperative vomiting in children. 2016. Link
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- Normal Heart Rate
- No Postoperative Discomfort: